Wild boar are not an urban species and should therefore not be present in the urban environment. Barcelona City Council is working to ensure they remain a wild species in a natural environment and is proposing measures to avoid their presence in the city.
Barcelona City Council has started a campaign to raise awareness about issues relating to wild boar in the city. The campaign uses environmental information staff in the neighbourhoods nearest the mountains in the districts of Les Corts, Sarrià-Sant Gervasi, Horta-Guinardó and Nou Barris.
The aim is for residents in the areas near the Collserola Natural Park to become more aware of the need to prevent these wild animals becoming used to the presence of humans and venturing further into the city.
The municipal information staff will be telling citizens how wild boar are a danger to people and to domestic animals, how they damage urban furniture and can cause traffic accidents, as well as how they can pass on zoonotic diseases.
Because of this, special care should be taken not to offer them food or leave foodstuffs within their reach.
As well as information and awareness tasks, the information staff will also be observing new feeding points which need sealing to prevent wild boar as they hunt for food.
Recommendations for citizens
In recent years, some of these animals have become used to human presence and are getting increasingly bold and aggressive in order to obtain food. This is partly due to the fact that they have lost their fear of humans and move around inhabited areas with increasing frequency.
This is why it’s counter-productive to feed them, because they become accustomed to contact with people and to getting food easily. They end up expecting food as if they were pets, but in reality they are still wild animals.
There have been some incidents around Collserola’s leisure areas and other facilities. For this reason, you should take care in the presence of wild boars, and follow these recommendations:
- Do not approach the animals. They may react aggressively.
- Don’t touch them. They could bite you or charge you.
- Don’t give them any food.
- Make noise and gesticulate to try and make them go away.
Be alert in picnic areas and keep an eye on your bags. If you see any wild boar, put your food away, they could try and take it from you in an aggressive way.
Similarly, take care when driving as wild boar can cross the road and cause a collision.